Communicate desire to understand disease state and need for treatment.
Demonstrate ability to perform new health-related procedures.
Set realistic learning goals within target dates.
State intention to make needed modifications in lifestyle.
Suggested NOC Outcomes | Nursing Diagnosis for Knowledge Deficit
Cognition; Concentration; Information Processing; Knowledge: Disease Process; Knowledge; Health Behaviors; Knowledge: Health Resources; Knowledge: Illness Care; Stress Level
Interventions of Knowledge Deficit | Nursing Diagnosis for Knowledge Deficit
Nursing Diagnosis for Knowledge Deficit |Interventions of Knowledge Deficit; Suggested NIC Interventions
Nursing Interventions of Knowledge Deficit and Rationales
Determine level of knowledge and skills patient already possesses about his or her health status; motivation to understand what is needed to improve health status; obstacles to learning; support systems; usual coping patterns; beliefs about health and treatment of disease; ethnicity; financial resources. Assessment information will assist in identifying appropriate interventions.
Establish an environment of mutual trust and respect to enhance learning. Consistency between action and words, combined with the patient’s self-awareness ability to share this awareness with others, and receptiveness to new experiences form the basis of a trusting relationship.
Develop with patient specific learning goals with target dates. Involving patient in planning meaningful goals encourages compliance.
Select teaching strategies that will enhance teaching/learning effectiveness, such as discussion, demonstration, role-playing, and visual materials. Provide all the equipment needed for the patient to learn. This reduces frustration, aids learning, and minimizes dependence by promoting self-care.
Teach those skills that the patient must incorporate into daily living. Have patient do return demonstration of each skill to aid in gaining confidence.
When teaching, go slowly and repeat frequently. Offer small amounts of information and present it in various ways. By building cognition, patient will be better able to complete self-care measures. Include family members. Demonstrate to family members how each self-care measure is broken down into simple tasks to enhance patient’s success and foster a sense of control.
Encourage family members to participate in and have patience toward learning process (patient may need to repeat new skills multiple times) to help create a therapeutic environment after discharge.
Have patient incorporate learned skills into care while still in the hospital. This allows practice and time for feedback.
Provide patient and/or family with names and telephone numbers of resource people or community agencies so that care is continuous and follow-up is possible after discharge.
If financial hardship interferes with the ability of the family to provide equipment and supplies, offer a referral to a social worker to improve the family’s access to financial assistance.
Behavior Management; Behavior Modification; Decision-Making Support; Energy Management; Family Support; Financial Resource Assistance; Health Education; Healthcare Information Exchange: Risk Identification; Learning Facilitation; Support System Enhancement; Teaching Procedure/Treatment
This is a sample of nursing diagnosis for knowledge deficit.