Nursing Interventions of Diarrhea | Nursing Diagnosis for Diarrhea
Nursing Diagnosis for Diarrhea | Nursing Interventions of Diarrhea and Rationales; Suggested NIC Interventions
Nursing Interventions of Diarrhea and Rationales
Monitor and record frequency and characteristics of stools to monitor treatment effectiveness.
Identify stressors and help the patient solve problems to provide more realistic approach to care.
Monitor perianal skin for irritation and ulceration; treat according to established protocol to promote comfort, skin integrity, and freedom from infection.
Administer anti diarrheal medications, as ordered, to improve body function, promote comfort, and balance body fluids, salts, and acid–base levels. Monitor and report effectiveness of medication.
Provide replacement fluids and electrolytes as prescribed. Maintain accurate records to ensure balanced fluid intake and output.
Teach patient to use relaxation techniques to reduce muscle tension and nervousness; recognize and reduce intake of diarrhea producing foods or substances (such as dairy products and fruit) to reduce residual waste matter and decrease intestinal irritation.
Instruct patient to record diarrheal episodes and report them to staff to promote comfort and maintain effective patient–staff communication.
Encourage patient to ventilate stresses and anxiety; release of pent-up emotions can temporarily relieve emotional distress.
Encourage and assist patient to practice relaxation techniques to reduce tension and promote self-knowledge and growth.
Spend at least 10 min with patient twice daily to discuss stress reducing techniques; this can help patient pinpoint specific fears.
Consult with dietician to determine foods that may be related to diarrheal episodes.